Controlling Powdery Mildew On Grapes

Powdery mildew is the main fungal disease that most grape growers confront every seasons.   The fungus that cause powdery mildew is called Uncinula Necator.

Many grape growers struggled to keep powdery mildew under control in vineyards, as once your vines are infected and the symptoms are visible, the disease already is in an advance stage of development.

The symptoms are visible on all green parts of the grape vine.

On the berries:

A white powdery substance covers the berries – it looks like a white dust that can be rubbed off.  These “dust” particles are the actual spores of the powdery mildew fungus.  Infected berries will have what appears to be a net-like pattern when the “dust” is rubbed off with your finger.  They most probably will crack open and dry up.  If the infection takes place early and the fungus disease spreads too fast, it can cause total crop loss!

Berries are extremely susceptible from the immediate pre-bloom stage through fruit set.  This is the most critical time to keep powdery mildew under control.  Severe powdery mildew infections on the clusters is usually a result of poor fungus control and canopy management throughout this period.

On the canes (in the dormant season), you can see old infections because they will show up as brown areas. As the fungus grows on the grapes and vines and begins to produce spores you will see that the tissue that is infected with have an ash grey powdery look.

On green shoots, the same powdery “dust” will be visible.  The fungus will infect the green tissue, and will reduce photosynthesis and overall grape vine vigor.

On the leaves:

Powdery mildew on the leaves of a grape vine, appear as a white dust on the upper and lower part of the leaves.  With severe infections, discoloration and drying out of the leaves are visible.  No need to say how bad this is for berry size, sugar development and overall growth of the vine!

I often get emails asking about continuous powdery mildew infections, year after year.  There is only one explanation for this – the fungus spores over-winter on the grape vine and in the following growing season, once the conditions for inoculation is ideal, the infection will start again.  As you can imagine, this is a vicious circle, that will give you many headaches!

What is the ideal conditions for the inoculation?

For the powdery mildew, fungus to develop and spread there needs to be free water (from rain, over-head irrigation and even high humidity) and heat.  Spore cells, or cleistothecia overwinter within cracks in the bark of the vine and when rains of approximately 0.1 inch (10 mm) or more occur in spring, and if temperatures are at least 50 °F (10° C), these spores are released and will infect the nearby leaves, canes and bunches.  The higher the temperature, the more spores will be released.  The optimum temperature is mid 80s ° F or mid 20s ° C and higher is the optimum temperature for high spore release.  When the temperature reach the high 90s (+30’s ° C), the development or spread of powdery mildew will be restricted.

Controlling Powdery Mildew:

Chemical control:  With the wide range of fungicides now registered for use on vines, the question arises as to which is best and when is the most appropriate time to apply.  Where powdery mildew control is poor this is usually due to inadequate spray  coverage or the interval between sprays being too long rather than reduced fungicide efficacy.

As said earlier, grape berries are most susceptible to powdery mildew during the period from just before flowering to 4 to 5 weeks after fruit set, and failure to control the disease during this period can result in serious crop loss.  The best control is achieved by applying a fungicide with an active ingredient called strobilurin or DMI fungicides during this period.

Organically:  Controlling Powdery Mildew organically is much harder.  The most important point to remember is that moisture and heat is needed for the fungus to spread.

Maintaining proper airflow and sunlight penetration into the vine will ensure a “drier” micro climate inside the vine.  Direct contact with sunlight will also kill powdery mildew spores and reduce the chances of crop loss.  This can be achieved with good canopy management (suckering, leave pulling, tying of shoots, removing of water shoots etc. (consult the Complete Grape Growing System for details, it’s all there!).

I hope this article will help you solve Powdery Mildew problems on your grapes.

Remember:  Maintain a proper canopy, keep your spray applications up to date and be on the look-out for the symptoms I’ve shown you.

Take care

Danie (The Grape Guy)


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Speaking The Grape Vine Language

I often receive question from new grape growers to explain the terminology I use in my articles.  After reading this, I hope you will be able to picture or identify all the different parts of the grape vine.






Cuttings or grafted cuttings: 
A grape vine cutting, is a small piece of wood (4 to 12 buds in length), that was pruned from an existing grape vine, in order to propagate a new grape vine. 

Cuttings can also be grafted onto what we call rootstock grape varieties.  These varieties a purely bred for this purpose.   Some grape varieties are more susceptible to diseases and these rootstock varieties are selected from material that proved to be more resistant to disease found in the soil.  Grape growers use certain rootstock when they pH imbalanced soil, too wet soil and even for stronger growth, when the grafted variety has known growing problems. 

Taking cuttings from an existing grape vine should be done after winter, just before the first signs of bud swell close to spring.

Cuttings are taken from the shoots that hardened off and lost all of it’s leafs, during winter (which we now call canes). 

This picture shows grafted cuttings.  The graft union, where the rootstock and grafted variety is joined, is clearly visible.

Shoots and Canes: 

A shoot is the green, one-year-old, growth from buds on a grape vine.  A shoot normally develops from spurs and canes (later described) that was pruned during the winter.


A shoot that is starting to devlop from a spur.

Sometimes, shoots also develop from two-year and older wood; these shoots are called water shoots and normally do not produce grapes.

After harvesting the crop, the grape vine will go dormant as winter comes along and the temperatures start to drop below the point where vegetative growth stops and the grape vine starts to prepare for the cold winter.  The leafs will fall off, and the green shoot, will gradually become a more woody, brown shoot.  At this stage, we call these shoots canes.  


A grape vine spur, or also known as a short bearer, is a cane that is pruned during the dormant season.  These spurs are the fruit bearers for coming season, and also to renew the grape vine.  A spur is pruned to 2 buds in length.

Cane bearers:

As with a spur or short bearer, some less fruitful varieties are pruned with cane bearers.  A cane bearer (or cane), is pruned back 8 to 12 buds long and tied to the trellis wires.

Buds (1 on the picture):

Are undeveloped shoots, located a shoot or cane.  This is the production area, where new shoots develop and every single bud of a grape vine, is actually three buds combined (composite bud).

Basilar buds (2 on the picture):

A basilar bud, is a bud at the bottom of a spur or cane bearer.  These buds are on old pruning wounds or the frame work of the grape vine and are not counted, when deciding on many buds to leave on a spur or cane.


The canopy of a grape vine is simple word for the area where the leaves and the fruit are.  The canopy is developed on some kind of trellis system, constructed by the grape grower.  Managing the canopy growth is critical and of the utmost importance for ANY grape grower – backyard grape grower and commercial grape grower.  The canopy is where new canes and spurs are pruned in dormant season.

Lateral shoots (laterals):

A lateral shoot is a “side shoot”, that develop from a bud on a green shoot, one-year-old shoot.  When training a grape vine, these shoots use nutrients needed for young grape vine to reach the trellis wires, and should be removed according to the training methods I teach.

On the other hand, once the training shoot reach the trellis wires, these laterals are used to construct the cordon or arms of the grape vine (see next explination).  Once these lateral shoots become during the winter, they are pruned and tied on the trellis wire where the cordons will be developed. 

This will form the basic structure from where all pruning will be done in the future.  You need to ensure you develop the cordon (arms) the correct way and in the right position to ensure easy pruning and canopy management in the future – REMEMBER, this is extremely important!


Cordon, structure or the frame work of the grape vine:

The arms, or cordons of a grape vine is a two-year and older permanent framework of a grape vine.  Spurs and cane bearers are pruned on this framework.  The framework is developed needs to be kept under control, to ensure a proper harvest, and is sometimes pruned back to the main stem of the grape vine.  This is what we call renewal pruning (from a renewal spur, close the stem of the vine).


Was this helpful.  Now learn how to grow your grape vine the correct way.

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Rick’s Grape Vines

Hi Grape Friends,

I received this email from Rick, a member of the Complete Grape Growing System.  From the email he send me, it seems like he knows what to do – how to start constructing the framework of the grape vines, however he ran into some difficulties along the way.

By the way, Rick’s grape vines look great, and it’s always a pleasure to assist you guys wherever (whenever 😐 ) I can.

NOTE:  The text in red, are my replies.

Background info:  I live in _________ , Arizona, USA. We live in a desert and summer temps are extreme. Temps of 110-115 degrees (F) are common in July & August. Our growing season is long lasting from March-November. I just got my first grape plants and I’m hoping to get “first year growth” before night time temps get cold in November.

I just got some grape plants and bought your system last week. I’ve modified an existing arbor to accommodate the grapes. The arbor was built to provide mid-day and afternoon shade. I decided to plant grapes there last minute. The plants I was given are very young and some don’t appear to be in very good condition. I have a few questions:(since I took these pictures I’ve pulled the wires tight.)

  1. The vine (training shoot) had no growing point when I got it. It’s long enough to reach the first two wires and in the few days since I planted, the buds have begun to sprout. These are going  to be lateral shoots? correct? This is what I want to be happening, correct?

Rick, that is absolutely correct.  These lateral shoots will one day be the cordon or arms on which you will prune the spurs or canes – depending on what pruning method you will choose. I zoomed in on the picture (below), to show you guys what Rick was referring to.  See those small leafs, they will develop into shoots that must be trained on the horizontal trellis wires.

I’m hoping to get lateral shoots to grow out in the next 8 weeks before temps fall. Do you think I’m too late in the season?

No, I don’t think so.  Since your growing season will be over in November, much growth can still be expected – if you stick to the methods I show in the Grape Growing System.

2. The training shoot in the photo (below) had a nice growing point and had added two inches in just a couple days. This morning it was damaged. Will this give me any lateral shoots this season? Or will I have to prune this back in winter and begin again next spring?

Yes.  See where the red arrow is; this tiny shoot that is developing here, can be used as a new growing point to train your grape vine to the trellis wires.  New lateral shoots below this point will also develop, and can either be removed or used for developing a cordon on the pipe – if that is what you want to do.  Personally I think it is too close to the ground to develop arm here.

3. Photo shows a nice training shoot with good growing point that has added 2+ inches in the few days since I planted it. The first two wires are 8 & 16 inches above the bar. Should I let it grow taller or pinch off the growing point and hope to develop a few lateral shoots in the next 8 weeks?

Rick, as shown in the Complete Grape Growing System, you will have to let the vine grow pass the top wire and then remove the growing point, so lateral shoots can develop.  These lateral shoots will be used to cover the trellis wires.

Thanks for any info/advice you can give me.

I’ve spent hours reading and re-reading your e-book this past week and I’m really excited to begin my little vineyard.


Thanks Rick for sharing your pictures with us.  If there are any questions, feel free to post a comment on this blog post.

Take care everyone



Did you find this tips useful?  The Complete Grape Growing System has many more!

For only $29, you get instant access to all the grape growing information you need, PLUS get some bonus videos of how to prune and train a grape vine.

The Complete Grape Growing System is a digital product.  You will not receive any physical products.




Protecting Young Grape Vines From Weed-killers

With this article, I want to show you how you can protect your young grape vines, while spraying weed-killer.

But before we move on:

  • Remember that weed-killer can be harmful.
  • Take note of what weed-killer you use, (contact or systematic)
  • Use properly maintained and calibrated spray equipment
  • Read the instructions on the container label,
  • Ensure that you will not contaminate primary water and food sources
  • Use protective clothing.

With that said …

Weeds are the number one enemy for any young grape vine and we all know that, taking care of unwanted weeds in a newly planted vineyard, can be headache.

If you allow the young grape vine to come in contact with the weed-killer you spray, it will also die or get badly damaged.  The fact remains; we still need to control weeds in newly planted vineyards- period!

Easier said than done, isn’t it!

However, there are a few tricks I will show you how to protect your grape vines while spraying weed-killer.

The first and probably the most important thing to remember, is to kill the weeds before you plant your grape vines.  This will ensure that for the first couple of weeks, your vineyard and young grape vines, will grow without competition for food and water.

However; as the growing season progress, the weeds will start to grow again and this is where the problems start.  With your new vines well established, you cannot simply go out and spray weed-killer again; you need to protect the young grape vines first.

If you grow grapes on small scale, you can simply protect the vines by covering it with a plastic carry-bag, while you spray the weed-killer.  Ensure that the outside of the bag (the area where the weed-killer came in contact with the bag), never touch the vegetative growth of the young grape vine.

The problem starts when you grow grapes on a larger scale.  It is simply impossible to cover every single grape vine with a bag, unless you have the these:

These are called trunk protecting tubes.  Normal growing tubes can also be used, but I personally don’t fancy the use of growing tubes, especially if you are going to leave them on the grape vines.  In our climate, I found that the micro-climate inside the tube, often gets too hot or humid and may damage the foliage or could lead to unwanted diseases.

Once the grape vines are planted and pruned back as described in the Complete Grape Growing System, you simply cut a tube of about 500 to 700mm in length.  Fold the tube into a small circle, that will go around the cutting.  When placing the tube over the cutting, ensure not to damage any buds and new shoots that may have developed from the cutting.

After you have placed the tubes at the base of the cutting, you can tie your training strings to the bottom trellis wire.

When it is time for the weed-killer application, later on in the season, you simply unfold or extract the tube to it’s full length.

Once the spray application is complete, you need to wait a few hours for the weed-killer to dry off, and then again you fold down the tube into a circle and again place it at the base of the cutting.

You can also use plastic covers to keep the weeds away from the cuttings, but I will discuss this in more detail in another blog post.

Neat little trick, isn’t it?

Take care, and happy grape growing…



Did you like this tip?  The Complete Grape Growing System has many more!




For only $29, you get instant access to all the grape growing information you need, PLUS get some bonus videos of how to prune and train a grape vine.

The Complete Grape Growing System is a digital product.  You will not receive any physical products.

Will pruning a grape vine earlier, advance bud break?

Being working online and offline with thousands of vineyard owners from all over the world, the past four years, I know that this question still remains a mystery.  Well, I’m about to show you proof that early pruning will for sure influence the time of bud break.

During the past dormant season, we started pruning before my staff took their annual vacation.  We stopped pruning one of my Flame Seedless vineyards, halfway through the vineyard, when it was time for them to take their vacation.  After two weeks, we came back and pruned the rest of the vineyard, as well as the rest of my farm.

Now from the pictures below, you can clearly see that the grape vines in the section we pruned two weeks earlier, have develop more leaves and that the shoot length is much longer.


The buds at the tip of the canes come out of dormancy first.  This is the point where all the enzymes are transported to, as the sap flow in the vine increase.  Obviously, if there are less buds on the cane, more enzymes are available per bud and therefore, the buds will break earlier.

 Early pruning will not necessarily advance the harvest date.  The later vines will catch up, as the season progress, but one thing is for sure; it absolutely does advance bud break.  This is extremely important to know, if you live in a climate where early spring frost is a problem.  If you prune your grape vine too early, your grape vines will break bud too early and will increase the chance of frost damage.

Now the question remains: “When is the best time to prune a grape vine?”  A rule of thumb is, to prune just before natural bud break, but this isn’t always feasible if you have acres of grape vines.   You need to know when bud break occurs in each of the vineyards or on each of your grape vines.  Each year, write down the dates of bud break, as this will give you more or less an idea of when you can expect it next year.  Although the annual climate, snowfall, rain and so on, will influence the actual date of bud break, it will give you more or less an idea of when this will happen.

On the other hand, pruning too late, also has it disadvantages.  If you start pruning too late (after bud bread), you will damage the cracked buds, and new shoots that developed.  If you damage the bud, the secondary bud will have to break to reveal a new shoot, and this will influence your crop size.

Remember; after pruning, the canes are twisted and secured around the trellis wires.  If there are small shoots and cracked buds on this cane, you will damage them, no matter how careful you work.

To sum up this article:

  • Early pruning does advance bud break, but not necessarily harvest date
  • Do not prune too early if your location is known for heavy spring frost
  • Write down the dates of bud break so you will know when to expect it
  • Do not prune too late as well, as the chances of you damaging the buds and shoots is much higher.

Know you vineyard, know your climate and you will know when to prune.

Good luck and hopefully this article shed some light on the correct pruning date for your vineyard.



Pruning your grape vine is one of the most important aspects of growing a grape vine the correct way.  Learn how, with the Complete Grape Growing System.



For only $29, you get instant access to all the grape growing information you need, PLUS get some bonus videos of how to prune and train a grape vine.

The Complete Grape Growing System is a digital product.  You will not receive any physical products.

Scott’s One Year Old Grape Vine Pictures

Hi friends, I hope you are all well.

In a previous post I asked what I can do to improve this blog, and quite a few of you asked if I can upload some pictures of subsribers’ vineyards.

I just received these ones from Scott and I must say: “This is IMPRESSIVE results!”

Scott, became a member of the Complete Grape Growing System in February this year, and followed the grape growing information from the system to achieve these results!

I must admit, I’m so proud of him!  LOL :-) 

Scott has done a great job and so can you.  These pictures proof that you CAN be a successful grape grower if you use the right techniques – I say no more … have a look and decide for yourself

Scott’s One Year Old Grape Vines

You too can achieve these results!

Secure your spot in the Complete Grape Growing System Right Now  – Click Here

Thanks Scott for sharing your pictures with us and again, congratulations on establishing such a fine looking vineyard.  Please keep us updated on your progress.

WOW, isn’t that a great looking vineyard?  I just wish I could see it in person – maybe one-day! :-)

Thanks for reading and enjoy your weekend.



Would you like to grow a vineyard like this?

I told you it can be done in one year, but you didn’t believe me! LOL  :-)

It’s time to get to work!


The Complete Grape Growing System is an online product and you will NOT receive a physical product.  All the information is available immediately for download, after you ordered the product. 

You will only be charged US$29 (or your own currency converted) once

Growing Grapes In Shallow Soil

This seems to be a topic of great concern to many vineyard owners all over the world, and there is a good reason for that as well.  A too shallow soil will for sure have an influence on how well your grape vine grows and how productive the vines will be.

To determine if your soil is too shallow for growing grapes, you need to know what the roots of the grape vine look like and how the root system develops over the years.  Another very important fact to keep in mind is that a grape vine don’t like wet feet.  In other words, the grape vine’s roots must develop in a well-drained soil with enough oxygen for normal nutrient uptake.  I wrote an article about this a while ago, so if you are interested, head over to the following web page:  The Importance Of Oxygen In The Soil When Growing Grapes 

With that said, what does the root system of a grape vine look like? 

On deep soil, the roots of a well developed grape vine can easily reach a depth of 15 feet and spread like a fan.  On the other hand, grape vines that grow on compacted soils or soils with an impenetrable layer, have roots that are poorly distributed, shallow, and stubby ended and grow horizontally, rather than downwards.

The optimum soil depth is about 2 meters or 6 feet and deeper.  The most active roots for food uptake are found in the top 600 to 800 mm (2 to 3 feet).  The roots below this area is responsible for oxygen intake and other respiratory actions.  Any shallower soil, will prevent proper root development.  However, this doesn’t mean you cannot grow grapes on a 1.5 meter deep soil.  There are vineyards that produce a reasonable crop on 4 to 5 feet deep soils, but I would say that 4 feet is about the minimum depth for growing grapes.

What will determine the depth of your soil.

Basically there are three types of obstacles that will determine the soil depth.  The first, and most obvious, is an impenetrable layer of rock (reef) or clay.  If possible, the reef can be cracked with a bulldozer and toe-plough, that enables the roots to grow down in the cracked reef.  To obtain the best results, it’s best to plough the land sideways and from top to bottom – this however is pretty expensive!

The second, and less obvious is a high water table.  If you live in an area where the water table is close to the surface of the soil, you can know for sure that the roots of the grape vine will not grow below that point.  There’s not much you can do about lowering the water table, except if can install a drain system, that will channel the water away from your grape vines – again, this is pretty expensive as well.

The third and probably the least obvious is an impenetrable chemical layer.  A chemical layer normally consist of a layer of soil with a very high or low pH, but can also be a layer of salt, because of year and years of fertilizing a soil, without proper soil management.  The roots of the grape vine will avoid these layers and rather grow sideways than into them.  Correcting these layers can be done with proper soil analyses and soil preparation and management.

My viticulture lecturer in collage, always said that the root system of a grape vine, will be as big as the canopy above – interesting statement isn’t it, but that’s why a too shallow soil will prevent good canopy development.

If there’s not much you can do to increase the soil depth of your vineyard, there is one final thing you can do before planting your grape vines – it’s called ridging.

Like farmers ridge potato lands, a vineyard can also be ridged (just on a bigger scale).  Ridging the soil along the length of the planting row, will increase the soil depth with about six to twelve inches.  I know this is not much, but could be enough to ensure a better root development.

Unfortunately I don’t have a picture of a ridged vineyard right now, but I will try to upload one soon.  The ridges are about 8 to 10 inches high and about 4 to 5 feet wide and stretch from where the one end post will be planted, to the other – in other words, ridging should be done BEFORE planting your end post or canopy support posts..  The most practical way make a ridge, is to use turn plough several times on the same row or with a back-hoe.  Just ensure the plateau, where you will plant the vines and posts, is more or less lever.

Off course ridging has many disadvantages as well, such as …

  • Ridged soils will dry out quicker because of a bigger soil surface exposed to sunlight and wind.
  • Normally, the planting rows need to be wider to make space for tractor movement between two adjacent ridges.
  • Working (harvesting, thinning out bunches, suckering etc.) in ridged vineyards will be much harder, as the canopy will be higher above the normal ground level.
  • Weed control is more difficult because of the higher planting row.
  • Expensive way or soil preparation

Hopefully, with these tips you will know what to do.

Good luck and happy grape growing my friends


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Growing Jim’s Grape Vine

Hi again friends.

Yes, it’s time for a new grape vine training video! :-)

Jim, a member of The Complete Grape Growing System, send me an email a few days ago, asking some assistance with how to train his grape vine on his pergola.  I made this video an uploaded it; maybe you can learn something from it as well – hope so!

Anyway, the size video is about 30 MB, so it may take some time to load with slower internet connections.

Good luck and most of all – enjoy it!


Take care


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For a once-off fee of just $29

I Need Your Feedback Please

Hi again friends,

Welcome back to ‘s blog.

This is not a regular grape growing blog post as usual, but rather a cry for help :-).  Yes, I need your feedback on how I can improve your learning experience at My Grape Vine.  The Internet is a wonder on it’s one, but it’s still a “cold” way of communicating with people.  Email is becoming more and more unreliable and with all the junk that fill our in-boxes, it’s really not easy sifting out what’s junk and what was send from a person who really needs help.

I always dreamt of, and tried to make it a bit more personal, like the addition this blog, where I can directly reply to some of the question grape growers have.  As you can imagine, it is nearly impossible to answer all, although I try my best. 
Any suggestions are welcome, as long as they related to grape growing and off course feasible – simply reply to this post below

Please, take some time to think this over and don’t repeat a suggestion someone else already made.  You can show your support for an already suggested topic by replying to that specific reply.

Thanks for your precious time …

Ready for a success story?

I received the following pictures from Jacques, a member of The Grape Growing System.  He owns a small vineyard in Louisiana and used the Grape Growing System for the past year with GREAT success!  Jacques, I hope you are reading this and thanks for sending me the pictures and WELL DONE MY FRIEND! 


Notice how the well the above vineyard develops …

Great training techniques Jacques – good job!

Hopefully next year you will have a truck load full of this …

Here is the email from Jacques (please note I have deleted some private details from the email).


Hi Danie,

Just want to say thanks and send some pictures of my vines. Down in xxxxxxxxx Louisiana, July and August bringsrain and high humidity. Your CD (ed.  he probably wrote the files he downloaded to a CD) has helped me and my 1st year vines do very well.

I can’t wait for next summer to see if the grapes will do as well as the vines.

Thanks, Jacques xxxxxxxxxx

xxxxxxxxxxxx, La


Would you like to grow a vineyard like this?

I told you it can be done in one year, but you didn’t believe me! LOL  :-)

It’s time to get to work!

The Complete Grape Growing System is an online product and you will NOT receive a physical product.  All the information is available immediately for download, after you ordered the product.  You will only be charged US$29 (or your own currency converted) once, with no further payments or any hidden costs – GUARANTEED.



Get it now!

Hi my grape growing friends.

Wow!  It’s middle June already; can you believe it!  For you guys in the northern hemisphere, your grape vines should be well developed by now, with some varieties already in flowering.  

Here in South Africa, we are preparing for pruning the early varieties by the end of the week. 

But this is not what this article is about!  I received an email from one of the members, who joined My Grape Vine in first year we went online, way back in 2006. 

Here is her email:

Danie, I’ve been a member of My Grape Vine since who knows when? And I’ve been following your grape growing techniques by the book.  I must admit, I still need to learn allot, but your program and emails (and blog updates) are simply amazing.

I know you get allot of email questions and I will understand if you do not reply to this one, but what I would like to know is; what are five most important things to do, to make my grape vines stand out above the rest?”

Thanks for your time and effort



The five most important things?  Mmmmm, okay the first thing that comes to mind is, and that is probably the most important is:


  1. Choosing the right grape variety:  I would say 40% of your success depends on what variety you choose.  This is particularly important if you live and a cold climate where winter temperatures drop below freezing or if you live in a tropical climate, where rain often occur during the growing season.  Remember, some varieties are more susceptible to cold damage and diseases, than others.
  2. The second thing that comes to mind is; pruning.  Without pruning your grape vine, you will never be a successful grape grower – period.  Now, pruning a grape vine is a complex and often hard to understand subject for new grape growers, but once you’ve done it like it is suppose to be done, you WILL see a huge difference in the way your grape vine grows and you WILL have more fruit for sure!
  3. Training and developing the structure (framework) of your grape vine.  Forming a correct framework of your grape vine will improve the overall performance of your grape vine tremendously.  A properly developed grape vine, will ensure good sunlight and air penetration into the vine.  This is particularly important for disease control and fruitfulness.  DO NOT UNDERESTIMATE THE IMPORTANCE OF PROPERLY TRAINING YOUR GRAPE VINE!
  4. Keeping diseases under control.  Now, this is easier said than done, especially if you try to grow your grape vines organically and you live in a hot, humid climate.  Although there are excellent fungus and pest control products on the market, the timing of your spray application, as well as managing the canopy of the vineyard is more important.  Remember that prevention is better than cure!
  5. The last but not the least is; summer treatments or growing season treatments for your grape vine.  Growing grapes of good quality, all comes down to managing the grape vine canopy.  After choosing the right variety, I would say that this is the second most important aspect of growing grapes.  Things like removing water shoots, leaf pulling, suckering, tying down shoots, crop size management and cluster thinning are all part of this process.  Without managing the canopy, your grape vine will not stand out above the rest!

Okay, so now you have my opinion what the five most important aspects of growing a grape vine is.  I see you frowning; what about fertilizing and watering?  Yes, they are important, but the above is more important. 

Take care and happy grape growing

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